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Browne v. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd.




Catherine Kay Manuel, Philippine immigrant brought from Hong Kong on April 29th, 2008, to work as a Nanny for Terra Holman in Toronto, pursuant to the federal Live-In caregiver program, through the Jinkholm Internation recruiting agency. Upon arriving, Holman was nowhere to be found. Instead, Shirley Browne/Shirley Bollers brings Manuel to her Inn, to clean, care for guests, and occasionally care for the Inn. The Toronto Star publishes a an article on September 22nd, 2008: "Nanny sent to work as underpaid servant", byline: "Caregiver was shipped off to illegal job at inn". Shirley is suing the Toronto Start for defamatory statements.

Court name

Ontario Superior Court of Justice


According to the news article, Manuel worked mornings, days and nights. On her days off, she was sent to clean her boss' apartments. She was overworked and underpaid. She was working illegally, as she was not working for Holman, and apparently this was used against her, as a means to pressure her into silence.

File Attachments


    underpaid, overworked

    Economic sectors

    Home child care providers

    Content types

    Documented cases of abuse and Current Policy

    Geographical focuses

    Ontario and Alberta